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10年12月四级答案.ppt

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10年12月四级答案.ppt

2010年12月大学英语四级考试 参考答案,Part Ⅰ Writing How Should Parents Help Children to be Independent Nowadays, there is a growing concern over such a phenomenon, that is, some parents take care of almost everything concerned with their children, including study, work, marriage. Some parents believe that this is love, however, it is only to destroy children’s independence thoroughly. For the future of the next generation, more efforts should be made by parents to help their children to be independent. The fundamental one is to cultivate the awareness, namely, the importance and necessity of being independent, which is supposed to begin from childhood. Children should be taught that no one can be stronger and more helpful than themselves in this world. The quality of independence is so indispensable for us that parents had better act as a tutor, not a dictator. And only with parents’ trust, can the next generation accumulate confidence step by step.,Part Ⅰ Writing,今年的作文主题非常贴近考生的生活,给了考生很大的发挥空间,擅长写日常生活细节的学生可以写上三五个句子勾勒父母对于子女的过度关爱,而擅长逻辑思考的学生则可以更多地阐述父母怎样的行为才可以培养子女独立的品格,而过度宠爱正导致了独立精神的消失。 从具体操作的角度来说,对于基础较为薄弱的考生,这次的考试题目是比较容易套用模板的,第一段,把现实状况描述清楚;第二段,写清楚父母亲帮助子女独立的策略;第三段,呼吁父母亲多给自己一些自由。怎样解决解决方案的优缺点,Part Ⅰ Writing,考前模板专题里面关于解决问题类作文提到了类似的结构 In recent days, we have to face a problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious.--------说明A的现状. Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------解决方法一. For another -------------解决方法二. Finally, --------------解决方法三. Personally, I believe that -------------我的解决方法. Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------带来的好处.,快速阅读部分,1.A People instinctively seek nature in different ways. 解析第一段最后一句直接给出关键字profound belief, whether 引导的从句对应答案中的instinctively 2.D Things that are purchased. 解析第二段最后一句,what is best对应题目中的prefer, that is to say作为暗示直接引出之后的things that can be bought,选择D 3.B More access to nature makes children less likely to fall ill. 解析题干中有关瑞典研究,定位到第四段第一句,结合语义,不难得出B的正确答案 4.D are less likely to be involved in bullying 解析A选项具有干扰性,第三段结尾给出自然熏陶能够提高学生学科水平的线索,但考虑到快速阅读题的传统,即题目顺序对应文章顺序,所以应该定位到第四段之后的内容,即大段有关bullying的段落,得出答案D。 5.B Provide more green spaces for them. 解析对应第八段内容,作者通过否定患儿对药物的依赖性来给出自己的建议,结合全文主旨自然环境的重要性,得出B答案,快速阅读部分,6.B They enjoy a life of better quality. 解析第九段第二句点出老龄人口增长的侧重点是在高质量的生活水平上,紧接着又指出绿色的生活方式是达到该种高质量生活水平的最重要因素。 7.C access to nature contributes to the reduction of violence 解析十一段引文中can reduce violent behavior,直接对应C选项 8.separated 解析题干是有关人们错误观念的问题,找到倒数第三段的关键段error引导的内容,再对应到humanity and the natural world,得出separated照抄原文separable与can重复,separable本身词义即能够分离的 9.the wild world 解析最后一段第二句直接命中题干,照抄the wild world即可。 10. harmony 解析最后几段内容的小标题直接给出harmony,听力部分,Section A 短对话(1118) 答案及解析 11. A The man should visit the museums. B She can’t stand the hot weather. C The beach resort is a good choice. D She enjoys staying in Washington. 答案D 解析Woman最后说到I’ll be happy here no matter what the temperature. 这表明了她待在这里很愉快,很享受待在华盛顿,故选D。 12. A Her new responsibilities in the company. B What her job prospects are. C What the customers’ feedback is. D The director’s opinion of her work. 答案D 解析Woman说到but I wish the director would give me some feedback. 这表明了她希望得到director的意见(即反馈),故选D。,听力部分,13. A Combine her training with dieting. B Repeat the training every three days. C Avoid excessive physical training. D Include weightlifting in the program. 答案C 解析Man以自己上次因运动(举重)过量而受伤为例,建议女士应该量力而行,避免过量运动,故选C。 14. A When she will return home. B Whether she can go by herself. C Whether she can travel by air. D Whether she will completely recover. 答案C 解析Man开头就说到I’m worried about her going on a plane. 从中可知,他担心的是年老的母亲能不能乘飞机,故选C。,听力部分,15. A The woman knows how to deal with the police. B The woman had been fined many times before. C The woman had violated traffic regulations. D The woman is good at finding excuses. 答案C 解析警察开头问到 Why didn’t you stop when we first signaled you at the crossroads 通过这句话就可以知道女士没有遵守交通规则,故选C。 16. A Switch off the refrigerator for a while. B Have someone repair the refrigerator. C Ask the man to fix the refrigerator. D Buy a refrigerator of better quality. 答案B 解析Man说到 Maybe you should have it fixed,女士回答到You’re right. 这说明女士也同意男士的看法,但并未提到让这个男士来修,故选B。,听力部分,17. A He owns a piece of land in the downtown area. B He has got enough money to buy a house. C He can finally do what he has dreamed of. D He is moving into a bigger apartment. 答案C 解析Man第二句话说到Now, I have enough money to buy that piece of land I’ve had my eye on and build a house on it. 表明他能实现买地建房的理想了,故选C。 18. A She is black and blue all over. B She has to go to see a doctor. C She stayed away from work for a few days. D She got hurt in an accident yesterday. 答案D 解析Woman说的第一句话是My hands still hurts from the fall on the ice yesterday.从中可知这位女士昨天在冰上滑倒受伤了,但是男士认为伤势并不严重,只建议她休养几天就可以了,不必去看医生。C是较强的干扰项,应该是女士现在需要休息而不是过去已经休息了几天,故选D。,短对话精析,第一个短对话 谈论天气the heat is unbearable,强调有了华盛顿的museums and restaurants,天气再热也无所谓I’ll be happy here no matter what the temperature. 学会看看生活中的积极因素,有了博物馆和餐馆,天气再热都热爱华盛顿,这是何等的乐天精神啊 第二个短对话 谈论新工作,I’m learning a lot of new things, but I wish the director would give me some feedback.我学了很多新东西呢,但是我希望上司能给我点反馈feedback是反馈也是答案的题眼。这位女士想知道什么呢,想知道上司对她的看法嘛,短对话精析,第三个短对话 关于锻炼身体的,还是关于制定锻炼身体的计划的Can you help me work out a physical training program, John你能帮我制定个锻炼的项目吗Sure, but whatever you do be careful not to overdo it. 当然啦,不过不管你做什么,得小心点别过头啊接下来的句子是举例子Last time I had two weeks’ worth of weight-lifting in three days and I hurt myself.上次我三天就完成了两个星期的举重的训练,结果我就受伤了。 问题是这个男人要建议这个女人什么,短对话精析,第四个短对话 这个对话好弘扬爱护老人的美德的 儿子说,我妈妈年纪大啦,I have an elderly mother 然后表达他对妈妈乘飞机的担心 I’m worried about her going on a plane. Is there any risk有没有危险啊 接下来,医生的回答,再次体现四六级客观而乐观的精神,Not if her heart is all right. If she has a heart condition, I’d recommend against it.她心脏没问题就没事啊,如果她心脏有问题的话,那我就不建议她去(乘飞机啦),短对话精析,第五个短对话 交通违规怎么做四六级听力教你谦恭有礼做回答。首先,第一句的男士质问,Why didn’t you stop when we first signaled you at the crossroads我们第一次示意让你在交叉口停车,你干嘛不停呢潜台词是,瞧,还不是被我给逮回来训话了么在这种情况之下,这位女士态度是诚恳的,Sorry, I was just a bit absent-minded. Anyway, do I have to pay a fine 对不起啊,我有点心不在焉。但不管怎么说,我需要罚款吗 人嘛,都是有时候情绪化的嘛,并且我认罚,这句子学会了顺便大家开车的素质都提高了哈,短对话精析,第六个短对话 家庭琐事。 第一个人说,I’m no expert我不是专家but that noise in your refrigerator doesn’t sound right. Maybe you should have it fixed.但是你冰箱里面的噪音听起来不大对啊,也许你应该去修理了吧。 have it fixed这个结构是考官们发誓要考生学会的have sth done的结构。 第二个人开腔了,You’re right.对话基调钉牢,我同意你,就是冰箱确实坏了。And I suppose I’ve put it off long enough.我恐怕我已经拖得够久了,put off,另一个考官立誓要教会全中国考生的内容,拖延,put off,核心之核心。 问题,这女的可能会怎么做呢 她学会了核心单词听懂了整个对话以后,一定会去修冰箱并且,这里强调 是找人修冰箱, have it fixed而不是她自己修 she will fix it herself.,短对话精析,第七个短对话 买房问题。全国热议啊,考试考到的角度那是真叫一个艺术 我市区的公寓卖得不错I did extremely well on the sale of my downtown apartment.也就是说卖了一个好价钱啦 Now, I have enough money to buy that piece of land I’ve had my eye on and build a house on it.现在,我可有钱买一块我早就看中的地啦,我能建一所房子啦 偷偷感叹下,这说明了城乡的房价是多么滴有茶具啊不过考官还是仁慈的,不考那么隐晦的,来个简单的,听到这句话的人呢说CongratulationsDoes that mean you’ll be moving soon 恭喜你啊,那这是不是说明你很快要搬家了啊 问题问我们知道第一个陈述的那个男人什么情况简单,字面意思就够你用来解答了,卖公寓了有了钱买地建房子了,短对话精析,第八个短对话 还是运动,不过这里面涉及了一点点西方的固定搭配,black and blue又黑又蓝,这实际上说的是咱中文里面的, 身上摔得又青又紫。 第一个人是在说她昨天在冰上摔了一跤,手到现在还疼呢,My hand still hurts from the fall on the ice yesterday. I wonder if I broke something.我想知道我是不是摔坏哪儿了啊 (I wonder if这个句型好,走过路过不要错过,I wonder if I could get married with Sister Phoenix我真想知道我能不能娶凤姐啊) 下面这位男士的回答是, I’m no doctor, but it’s not black and blue or anything. Maybe you just need to rest it for a few days. 我不是医生,但是如果没有什么又青又紫也没其他问题的话,也许你只是需要休息几天罢了。 问题,此女发生了什么问题 答案,手摔了,焦虑,问了一男的,这男的很冷静,告诉她没啥事。,长对话答案及解析,19. What do we learn about the woman 答案D She was a witness to the crime. 解析文中男士需要女士描述一下抢劫银行的人(describe the man who robbed the bank)。选项中B提到了robbery,但是对话中没有说明女士是受害者(victim);D选项提到了她目击了某个犯罪经过,robbery显然是crime的一种。 20. What did the suspect look like 答案A A tall man with dark hair and a moustache. 解析原文中提到The man was tall, six foot, and he had dark hair, and he had moustache.,对应选项A。,长对话答案及解析,21. What did the man finally asked the woman to do 答案A Identify the suspect from pictures. 解析对话结尾处,男士要求女士look at some photographs,很显然,他的目的是让女士通过照片来辨别嫌疑人。因此选择A。 22. How did the woman get to know about the job vacancy 答案A By reading a newspaper ad. 解析 job vacancy指空缺的职位。在对话一开始,女士就说到她的目的I’m calling about the job that was in the paper last night.从这句话中可以看出她得知职位信息的来源是the paper last night,对应A选项。,长对话答案及解析,23. Why did the woman find the job appealing 答案B She could work close to her family. 解析本题关键词是appealing,意为引起兴趣的。女士提到她喜欢这份工作的原因是be near to the family.,close是near的同义替换词,因此选择B选项。 24. What had the woman been doing in Geneva 答案C Working as a secretary. 解析女士提到她在日内瓦做了一些secretarial work,也就是选项C中的secretary。虽然她也提到之前在大学学习,但是她取得的学位是a degree in English,而非选项D中的a degree in French.,长对话答案及解析,25. What was the woman asked to do in the end 答案C Send in a written application as soon as possible. 解析对话中女士希望得到面试机会,但是男士要求先要递交书面申请(reply a writing to the advertisement),并不是所有人都能得到面试机会,因此选择答案C。,长对话答案及解析,题材考点分析 长对话第二篇围绕女士求职面试展开,男士问了很多关于女士个人信息的问题,女士做出回答。做题时需要考生把握住对话大意、抓住细节信息以及两人的态度。 对话中的考点主要集中在细节、重点一些词组含义,以及同意词组替换。对话中关键信息包括been working in Geneva, secretarial work, degree in English, be near to the family, applications in writing等。考题也正是针对这些关键信息出的,在听的时候考察考生对于细节的把握,尤其是叙述相同类型的事情时,更需要记下其中的区别,从而在做题时能够准确的选出选项。如对话中提到女士会French和English,区别是会说French,拿到了degree in English.,长对话答案及解析,其中有几题考察同义词组替换。比如23题中用close替换了near,24题中用secretary替换了secretarial work。选项中频频出现同义词组替换,由此可见考生平时应该注意积累同一个意思不同的表达法。 另外,从说话的语气和表达情绪的词,也可以听出说话人的态度。比如女士在问到能否安排面试时,男士的回答 “Well, I’m afraid” 由此看出男士否定了女士的想法。因此在做题中,很容易地排除了安排面试的选项。 总体来说,这篇听力难度中等,关键是要抓住细节。,Section B Passage One 听力文章分析,本文难度不大,生词和难词不是很多,关键是整体上的及关键句的理解。先是消防队员在营救火灾中时常遇到小孩对消防队员的设备不熟悉,以为是带着面具的怪兽(monster),从而躲起来,无法得到及时营救而丧失的现象入手,引出Eric Velez为了防止此类现象再次发生,在社区里开始对孩子消防知识的教育。再举例进一步说明教育性质的演讲在拯救生命的巨大作用。最后再简略地说下此类演讲的其他作用。,Section B Passage One 听力文章分析,做题要点 (1) 抓关键句。一般篇章类听力,篇幅较长,听的时候一定要学会准确提取有用的信息,如原因目的、结果、数字、开头和结尾部分等。 “because they think they have seen a monster” “To prevent such tragedies, fire fighter Eric Velez gives talks to children in his community, explaining that they should never hide during a fire.” “But it’s a fact that informative speaking saves lives.” “Pete Gentry in North Carolina rescued his brother who is choking on food,” “In addition to saving lives,” 这几句就包括了所有题目的答案,只要抓住这几句并理解了其意,题目就不难做出。,Section B Passage One 听力文章分析,(2) 抓住细节,但无需执着于细节。 本文的题目每题都设置了很多细节干扰项。如果太过执着于细节,如frightened by smoke and noise ;Eric Velez learnt Spanish from his immigrant parents 就会使得做题时容易被细节分心,从而无法立即准确地判断和加以选择。 重点词汇 fire fighters 消防队员 monster怪兽、怪物 heartbreaks 伤心事 catch a glimpse of 瞥见 masked戴面具的 oxygen mask 氧气面罩 informative 教育性的,有益的,Section B Passage One 听力文章分析,答案及解析 26. D They mistake the firefighters for monsters. 解析细节题,从开始when children catch a glimpse of the masked fire fighter but hide because they think they have seen a monster一句中便可得出因为不熟悉消防人员戴面具的形象,孩子们以为来救援的消防人员是怪兽,所以躲起来。所以选D。其他选项文中都没有涉及到。 27. B He often teaches children what to do during a fire. 解析本篇文章大篇幅讲的是Eric Velez给社区里的孩子讲解消防知识,让他们熟悉消防人员及消防工具的过程。选项A,put out fire虽然是Eric Velez的工作,但是本文重点不是在其消防员救活这个工作上,C、D选项很容易就可以排除。所以选B。,Section B Passage One 听力文章分析,28. A He saved the life of his brother choking on food. 解析细节题,从Pete Gentry in North Carolina rescued his brother who is choking on food一句便可得出答案,文章中关于Pete Gentry的主要信息就是他救了噎着食物的弟弟。所以选A。做题时一定要把人名及其所做的事准确对应起来。 29. D Informative speeches can save lives. 解析主旨题,本文举了一个大例子,一下小例子来证明教育性的演说有救人性命的好处。虽然在文章最后也列举了下其他好处,但是主旨还是拯救生命。所以选D。其他几个选项都主要讲细节处,很容易就可以排除。,Section B Passage One 听力文章分析,Passage Two 听力文章分析 本篇听力讲述的是截然不同的两种生活态度,一种是“make and save a lot of money in order to retire early”,另一种则是“live only for today”,作者在陈述两种不同态度之后,针对两种态度给出了自己的看法“its better to pick the spend-all approach”。本篇听力不是太难,没有较难的词汇,虽然有几个需要注意的句式,如“At the other extreme are people who live only for today. Why bother saving ”等,但是通过上下文也是不难理解的,而且结构也比较清楚,基本上可以分为三部分两种不同的态度和作者的观点,所考察的三道题也上针对了这三个主要的点。由此可见,听听力的时候依然首先要从全文来把握,把握文章的要点,在把握要点的基础上,有重点的去听一些细节,如与要点相关的原因和后果,以及作者本人对这些事情的看法,遇到与此相关的信号词或者关键词时就一定要注意重点记忆。,Section B Passage One 听力文章分析,答案及解析 30. C To make money for early retirement. 解析本题考察原因,问为什么人们喜欢比较苛求但收入较高的工作,其实听力一开始就用in order to 给出了原因,即retire early,所以选C项。 31. A They may have to continue to work in old age. 解析本题考察后果,问只为当下而活的人面临着什么危险,从“The earlier neglect of saving, however, makes it difficult not to work when you are older.”中可以看出A是正确选项,及在年老时有可能不得不继续工作。,Section B Passage One 听力文章分析,32. B Enjoying yourself while you can. 解析本课考察文章作者的态度,从 “Postponing doing what you love and being with people you love until retirement can be a mistake.”中可以看出,作者认为想等到退休后再做自己想做的事情以及和自己喜欢的人在一起可能是一种错误,所以选B,即趁着自己还可以的时候要懂得享受生活。,Passage Three 听力文章分析,此篇短文听力难度适中。叙述者,即文中的speaker,通过记叙自己的境遇表达个人观点。三个自然段分别对应文章后的三道题,结构清晰明了,题目答案导向明确。 第一段通过开篇点题引出本文话题,“以偏概全”着实有失公平; 第二段记叙一个发生在Graben Gore 饭店的故事,关键句A new sign in the window told the story. “No more than two students at a time”; 第三段同样是记叙一个发生在药店的故事,故事情节较为简单。 此三题听时关键在于抓关键句子,个别人名等不需做过多关注。,Passage Three 听力文章分析,33. C Innocent people being suspected groundlessly。 文章第一段中,由”How fair will that be”的前一句和后一句均可推出此答案。前一句即“一个邻居犯了法,所有的邻居们都成了怀疑对象”。后一句即“因为有些学生小偷小摸,所有的学生就都被当成小偷来看待”,二者表明一个意思,即“无辜者被毫无理由的怀疑属实不公平”。 34. D Allowing only two students to enter at a time。 第一个小故事中的一个关键句后面紧跟答案。该关键句为,”A new sign in the window told the story.” 而这个sign的内容就是紧随其后的“No more than two students at a time”.,Passage Three 听力文章分析,35. B He was closely watched. 此题需要自己稍作总结,最后一个小故事说到文中的“我”去药店,却一直被盯着;此事让“我”很是不满。,Section C,36. preserve 37. appreciate 38. households 39. chat 40. convenient 41. rates 42. receive 43. submit 44. They are also sharing information about concerts and sports events, as well as jokes and their philosophies of life. 45. A hand-written note to a friend or a family member is the best way to communicate important thoughts. 46. This writing practice brings rewards that can’t be seen in bank accounts,仔细阅读Section A,47. M raised 48. L psychological 49. E contribution 50. A abilities 51. B achieve 52. N smart 53. I extent 54. J indicates 55. G essentially 56. H eventually,仔细阅读Section A,今年的四级考试15选10填空的难度较过去有所提升,文章较为抽象,但是依然可以按照三步法则来进行破解 1、对给定的单词按词性进行分类;15选10只考察4种词性,分别是名词、动词、形容词和副词。 2、看文章时,尤其是遇到空格时,首先要去判断空格的词性; 3、分析上下文逻辑关系,以近一步减小搜寻范围; 比如,第55道题,文中说“From this perspective, people are born ______ like undeveloped photographs...”。此句话由最基本的语法知识可以推知,缺少的是副词,所以选择G essential。 再例如,第49道题,文中说“Behavioral genetics has made important _______ to the biological revolution...”。这里首先判断词性,应该是名词,随后根据固定搭配,选择E contribution。,仔细阅读Section A,总之,对于此类题型考生需在平时的英语学习中先解决单词的问题,因为在考场上对于单词反应的时间越短,你做题的速度就会越快。注意,考试时一定要先按照词性进行分类,因为这样可以减小搜寻的范围,不至于在15个单词中徘徊不前。总之,15选10的精髓就在于不断的减小搜索的范围,以提高正确率。,仔细阅读Section A,由于15选10对单词的词性有比较高的要求,所以我们将给出一些判断词性的小技巧 1.确定空格为名词 1 空格前为形容词,应填名词。 2 空格前为及物动词,应填名词。 3 空格前为冠词a /an/the,应填名词。 4 空格前为介词,空格充当该介词的宾语,应填名词。 5 空格后为谓语动词,且空格前没有句子主语,应填名词。,仔细阅读Section A,2.确定空格为动词 1 空格前已有名词或代词做主语,后面又有名词或代词作为动词的宾语,且中间无谓语动词,空格处应为及物动词。 2 空格前是be动词,后面又无宾语且句意为被动,空格中应填及物动词的过去分词。 3 空格前是名词或代词做主语,后面无宾语或有一个介词加宾语,且中间无谓语动词,空格处应填不及物动词。 4 空格前是名词或代词做主语,后面是形容词,空格应填入系动词或be动词。 5 空格前有不定式标志to,空格处应填入动词原形;另一种情况to是介词,后面应填入动名词。,

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